The Woody Plants of Korea (한국의 수목)

To aid persons interested in the study and identification of the woody plants of Korea

Molecular and morphological data reveal hybrid origin of wild Prunus yedoensis (Rosaceae) from Jeju Island, Korea: implications for the origin of the flowering cherry.

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2014
Authors:M. - S. Cho, Kim, C. - S., Kim, S. - H., Kim, T. Oh, Heo, K. - I., Jun, J., Kim, S. - C.
Journal:Am J Bot
Date Published:2014 Nov

<p><b>PREMISE OF THE STUDY: </b>The subgenus Cerasus of the genus Prunus includes several popular ornamental flowering cherries. Of the hundreds of cultivars, P. &times;yedoensis (&#39;Somei-yoshino&#39;) is the most popular and familiar cultivar in Korea and Japan and is considered to be of hybrid origin. However, the hybrid origin of P. &times;yedoensis and its relationship to wild P. yedoensis, naturally occurring on Jeju Island, Korea, are highly controversial.</p>
<p><b>METHODS: </b>We extensively sampled wild P. yedoensis, cultivated P. &times;yedoensis, and numerous individuals from other species belonging to subgenus Cerasus on Jeju Island. Samples from 71 accessions, representing 13 species and one cultivar (P. &times;yedoensis), were sequenced for nrDNA ITS/ETS (952 characters) and seven noncoding cpDNA regions (5421 characters) and subjected to maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood analysis. Additive polymorphisms in the ITS/ETS regions were confirmed by cloning amplicons from representative species.</p>
<p><b>KEY RESULTS: </b>The nuclear (ITS/ETS and G3pdh) and cpDNA data, along with several morphological characteristics, provide the first convincing evidence for the hybrid origin of wild P. yedoensis. The maternal parent was determined to be P. spachiana f. ascendens, while the paternal parent was unresolved from the taxonomically complex P. serrulata/P. sargentii clade. The presence of two kinds of ribotypes was confirmed by cloning, and the possible origin of cultivated P. &times;yedoensis from wild populations on Jeju Island was also suggested.</p>
<p><b>CONCLUSIONS: </b>Bidirectional and multiple hybridization events were responsible for the origin of wild P. yedoensis. Extensive gene flow was documented in this study, suggesting an important role of reticulate evolution in subgenus Cerasus.</p>

Alternate Journal:Am. J. Bot.
Sat, 2015-04-04 14:49 -- huikim
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